KATHAK

Kathak, an Indian Classical Dance form, is the culmination of years of varied cultural influences on the art that emanated from the story-tellers of the ancient temples.

Kathak contains traces of temple and ritual dances, along with certain features of Persian and Central Asian dances. Intricate footwork and spins, as well as abhinaya, the art of expression, are the highlights of Kathak.

The name Kathak is derived from the Sanskrit word katha meaning story.


The most striking thing about Kathak in comparison with the other dance styles is the impression it creates of extreme subtlety.
— Rina Singha and Reginald Massey in 'Indian Dances: Their History and Growth'

GLOSSARY

  • Tāl: Rhythmic time-cycle.

  • Mātrā: Beat, Unit of measuring duration of a Tāl

  • Ᾱvartan: One cycle of a Tāl

  • Sam: The first beat of a Tāl 

  • Vibhāg: The divisions of a Tāl

  • Tāli: literally: ‘clap’. Used to show the accented beat in a Tāl.

  • Khāli: literally: ‘empty’. A blank beat, negative accent in a Tāl.

  • Tablā: A percussion instrument often used as an accompaniment to Kathak dance. It is comprised of two drums. 

  • Bol: A Bol is a sound or syllable. Helps identify and recite rhythms.

  • Thekā: Thekā is the Tablā bol for a Tāl.

  • Laya: Laya means tempo. Duration between beats determines Laya of a Tāl or a Tāl based composition.

  • Tatkār: Dance syllables produced from stomping. Basic footwork  for a Tāl.

  • Parhant: Recitation of bols of a composition indicating beats of a Tāl.

  • Torā: A group of bols or syllables that starts and ends on sam.

  • Kavitt: A Torā based on a poem. It is composed of bols that have meaning.

  • Tihāi: A rhythmic pattern that repeats three times.

  • Lari: A chain of footwork patterns, ends with a tihāi

  • Chakkar/ Pheri: literally: spin. The Chakkar in Kathak is performed on the heel. 


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KATHAK QUIZ - MAY 2019

FILL IN THE BLANK

(1)  Both hands in Patāka, held joining the palms together form the Samyukta Hasta _______

(2) Abhinaya using sound, speech or verbal expression is known as _______

(3)  Both hands move straight up, palms touch each other at base of thumb mound, make a complete twist/ rotation as they come down to Utpatti position. This Nritta Hasta is called _______

(4)  Abhinaya using gestures and actions implemented using the physical body is known as______

(5)  The dance syllables that are produced from stomping are called _________

(6)  ______ are mandatory and primary instrument of the Kathak dancer. 

(7)  Laya or Tempo may be categorized into ______ (slow tempo), ______(medium tempo) and ______ (fast tempo)

 (8)  _______ is the term used to mean delicate to and fro neck movement


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