Kathak, an Indian Classical Dance form, is the culmination of years of varied cultural influences on the art that emanated from the story-tellers of the ancient temples.
Kathak contains traces of temple and ritual dances, along with certain features of Persian and Central Asian dances. Intricate footwork and spins, as well as abhinaya, the art of expression, are the highlights of Kathak.
The name Kathak is derived from the Sanskrit word katha meaning story.
Tāl: Rhythmic time-cycle.
Mātrā: Beat, Unit of measuring duration of a Tāl
Ᾱvartan: One cycle of a Tāl
Sam: The first beat of a Tāl
Vibhāg: The divisions of a Tāl
Tāli: literally: ‘clap’. Used to show the accented beat in a Tāl.
Khāli: literally: ‘empty’. A blank beat, negative accent in a Tāl.
Tablā: A percussion instrument often used as an accompaniment to Kathak dance. It is comprised of two drums.
Bol: A Bol is a sound or syllable. Helps identify and recite rhythms.
Thekā: Thekā is the Tablā bol for a Tāl.
Laya: Laya means tempo. Duration between beats determines Laya of a Tāl or a Tāl based composition.
Tatkār: Dance syllables produced from stomping. Basic footwork for a Tāl.
Parhant: Recitation of bols of a composition indicating beats of a Tāl.
Torā: A group of bols or syllables that starts and ends on sam.
Kavitt: A Torā based on a poem. It is composed of bols that have meaning.
Tihāi: A rhythmic pattern that repeats three times.
Lari: A chain of footwork patterns, ends with a tihāi
Chakkar/ Pheri: literally: spin. The Chakkar in Kathak is performed on the heel.
KATHAK QUIZ - NOV 2018
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1) The recitation of Bols or syllables with clappings (Tāli and Khāli) indicating the beats of a Tāl is called ______
(2) Teentāl has ____ number of Khāli / empty beats
(3) In _______ dhrishti, eyes are kept still. It is the straight or level glance.
(4) Natarāj Gopi Krishna was a leading exponent of Kathak dance of the ________ Gharānā
(5) The instrument _________ is used as a Kathak dance accompaniment and consists of a pair of drums of contrasting sizes
(6) Asamyukta Hasta _________ represents trident with the index, middle and ring finger held outstretched. Thumb and little finger touch each other at tips
(7) _________ is a delicate to and fro neck movement.
(8) The first beat of a Tāl cycle is called _________
(9) _________ Jāti is constructed from the base two Jātis – tisra and chatusra
(10) Nritta Hasta _________ involves brisk sideways movements/ jerks at the wrist.
MONTHLY QUIZ ANSWERS